Muhammad A. Khanzada,, Muhammad Tanveer, Sultan A. Maitlo, Jamal Hajano, Aziz A. Ujjan, Rehana N. Syed, Abdul M. Lodhi, Abdul Q. Rajput


Fusarium is a large genus of filamentous fungi widely dispersed in soil and causes huge yield losses in crop plants. In present study different fungicides, plant extracts and bio-control agent were tested in-vitro by food poisoned method against Fusarium solani. Ten different fungicides viz., Carbendazim, Fosetyl-aluminium, Thiophanate-methyl, Propineb, Metiram, Copper oxychloride, Mandipropamid, Myclobutanil, Difenoconazole and Penconazole were tested at three concentrations that are 100, 1000 and 10,000 ppm. All fungicides showed varied effects against F. solani. However, Carbendazim was highly effective at low as well as at medium and high concentrations, which reduced 100% mycelial growth followed by Mandipropamid, Thiophanate-methyl and Fosetyl-aluminium. Among plant extracts [citrus (Citrus hystrix), neem (Azadirachta indica), garlic (Allium sativum),  onion (Allium cepa), dhatura (Datura stramonium), calotropis (Calotropis procera), peppermint (Mentha piperita), fennel (Foeniculum vulgare), ginger (Zingiber officinale) and chili (Capsicum annuum)], higher dose of A. indica and C. procera extracts showed maximum inhibition followed by C. hystrix and C. annuum extracts. Among seven fungal biocontrol agents, only Penicillium citrinum, Trichoderma pseudokoningii and Aspergillus flavus appeared highly effective to reduce mycelial growth of F. solani.


Bio-control, Chemical control, Non-chemical control, In-vitro, Soil-borne

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