Muhammad Shahbaz, Usman Shakir, Amna Palwasha, Faqir Ahmad, Muhammad Riaz, Zulfiqar Ali, Ghulam Nabi, Aftab Hussain, Sher Muhammad, Aftab A. Khan, Muhammad S. Kashif, Muhammad Tariq, Muhammad A. Ali


Blights, blasts and leaf spot diseases of rice limit the grain yield and deteriorate the produce quality. A field study was carried out for evaluating various fungicides to manage paddy diseases; brown leaf spot, blast & sheath blight under field conditions at research area of Adaptive Research Farm Sheikhupura, Punjab Pakistan during crop season kharif 2018 & 2019. An experiment was conducted in RCB design with three repeats and five treatments including control. Treatments comprised of four different fungicides viz: Azoxystrobin + Difenoconazol, Kasugamysin + Copperoxychloride, Copper Hydroxide & Trifloxystrobin + Tubeconazol @ 500 ml, 625 ml, 625 g & 160 g ha-1 respectively and a control (untreated check plot). Among the chemical fungicides Azoxystrobin + Difenoconazol @ 500 ml ha-1 was found effective against brown leaf spot and sheath blight with 84.6 % & 81.7 % decrease over control along with 37.4 & 36.7 percent higher yield than check plot followed by Trifloxystrobin + Tubeconazol with 74.8 & 74.3 percent protection values as compared to control during years 2018 & 2019 respectively. In case of paddy blast the fungicide containing Kasugamycin + Copper oxychloride showed better results with 82.5% & 79.4% decrease over control. Maximum incidence level of Brown leaf spot, paddy blast and sheath blight were found in control (nontreated plot) during both years. So, azoxystrobin+ difenoconazol and kasugamycin containing fungicides could be suggested for management of brown leaf spot, sheath blight and paddy blast.


Fungicides, Fusarium wilt, Pisum sativum L., screening, seed germination

Full Text:



Annonymous. 2019. Pakistan Economic Survey. Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock Federal Bureau of Statistics, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Bhuvaneshwari, V., and K. S. Raju. 2012. Efficacy of new combination fungicides against rice sheath blight caused by Rhizoctonia solani. Journal of Rice Research, 5: 57-61.

Debashis, D., S. Supradip, R.D. Prasad and M. K. Bag. 2012. Effect of different fungicides on the management of rice blast disease. International Journal of Agriculture, Environment and Biotechnology, 5: 247- 251.

Ganesh, N. R., N. B. Gangadhara, N. T. Basavaraja and N.R.K. Rishna. 2012. Fungicidal management of leaf blast disease in rice. Global Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 1: 18-21.

Ghazanfar, M., W. Waqas and S. Sahi. 2009. Influence of various fungicides on the management of rice blast disease. Mycopathology, 7: 29-34.

Kumar, M. P., D. S. Gowda, R. Moudgal, N. K. Kumar, K. P. Gowda and K. Vishwanath. 2013. Impact of fungicides on rice production in India. Fungicides-showcases of integrated plant disease management from around the world. PP. 77-98.

Kumbhar, C. 2005. Evaluation of new fungicidal formulations against blast disease of rice. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 18: 184.

Lore, J., T. Thind, M. Hunjan and R. Goel. 2007. Performance of different fungicides against multiple diseases of rice. Indian Phytopathology, 60: 296-301.

Mishra, D., R. Tailor, G. Pathak and A. Deshwal. 2007. Yield gap analysis of blight disease management in potato through front line demonstration. Indian Research Journal of Extension Education, 7: 82-84.

Parsanna, K. M. K. a. A. L. V. 2014. Appraise a combination of fungicides against blast and sheath bligt diseases of paddy. Journal of Experimental Biology and Agriculture Science, 2: 49-57.

Pasha, A., N. Babaeian-Jelodar, N. Bagheri and G. Nematzadeh. 2013. Identification of rice genotypes resistant to panicle blast. International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences, 5: 1346-1350.

Savary, S., P. S. Teng, L. Willocquet and F. W. Nutter Jr. 2006. Quantification and modeling of crop losses: a review of purposes. Annual Review on Phytopathology, 44: 89-112.

SES. 2002. Standard evaluation system for rice. Rice knowledge bank. International Rice Research Institute, Philippine.

Singh, H. M., L. J. Singh, R. K. Goel. 2007. Emergence of brown leaf spot of rice in Punjab and efficacy of some chemicals against it. Journal of Biological Research, 44: 13-117.

Singh, R. and A. Sinha. 2004. Comparative efficacy of local bioagents, commercial bioformulations and fungicide for the management of sheath blight of rice, under glass house condition. Indian Phytopathology, 57: 494-496.

Steel, R. D., J. H. Torrie and D. A. Dicky. 1997. Principles and procedures of statistics. A biometrical approach 3rd Ed. McGraw Hill Book international Co., Singapur: 204-207.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.33866/phytopathol.033.01.0618


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Muhammad Shahbaz

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Pakistan Journal of Phytopathology
ISSN: 1019-763X (Print), 2305-0284 (Online).
© 2013 Pak. J. Phytopathol. All rights reserved.